ترجمة لكامل الملخص التنفيذى لتقرير منظمة كفاية الامريكية المهم : دولة السودان العميقة

دولة السودان العميقة : كيف قامت دائرة داخلية بخصخصة ثروات السودان، وكيفية الاستجابة

25 أبريل 2017م

إن حكومة السودان هي كليبتوقراطية (حكومة لصوص) عنيفة. إنها عبارة عن نظام من سوء الحكم يتميز باختطاف الدولة من قبل مؤسسات متداخلة، حيث تحتفظ مجموعة حاكمة صغيرة بالسلطة إلى أجل غير مسمى من خلال أشكال مختلفة من الفساد والعنف. وقد أشرف الرئيس عمر البشير طوال فترة حكمه على ترسيخ النهب النظامي، والإفلات الموسع من العقاب، والقمع السياسي، والعنف الذي تمارسه الدولة، حتى يتمكن هو ودائرته الداخلية من الحفاظ على السلطة المطلقة ومواصلة نهب الدولة. وكانت نتيجة هذه العملية، من جهة، حشد الثروات للرئيس وعدد من النخب، والمساعدين، والمسهلين (لعمليات النهب)، ومن ناحية أخرى جلب الفقر والتخلف بالنسبة لمعظم السودانيين. Continue reading

Sudan’s Deep State: How Insiders Violently Privatized Sudan’s Wealth, and How to Respond

 

 

Sudan’s government is a violent kleptocracy, a system of misrule characterized by state capture and co-opted institutions, where a small ruling group maintains power indefinitely through various forms of corruption and violence.

الكشف عن أدلة موثوقة على استخدام الأسلحة الكيميائية

السودان: الكشف عن أدلة موثوقة على استخدام الأسلحة الكيميائية لقتل وتشويه مئات المدنيين بينهم أطفال في دارفور

29 أيلول / سبتمبر 2016

عن طريق تحقيق أجرته منظمة العفو الدولية تجمعت لديها أدلة مروعة على الاستخدام المتكرر لما يعتقد أنها أسلحة كيمائية ضد المدنيين، بما في ذلك الأطفال الصغار جداً، من قبل القوات الحكومية السودانية في واحدة من أكثر المناطق النائية في دارفور خلال الثمانية أشهر الماضية.

فباستخدام صور الأقمار الصناعية، وإجراء أكثر من 200 مقابلة متعمقة مع الناجين ومن تحليل الخبراء لعشرات الصور المروعة التي تبين الأطفال الرضع والصغار المصابين بإصابات مروعة، أظهر التحقيق أن مالايقل عن 30 هجمة كيماوئية يحتمل وقوعها في منطقة جبل مرة في دارفور منذ يناير/ كانون الثاني 2016. وكان أحدثها عهداً في 9 سبتمبر/ أيلول 2016. Continue reading

Kleptocracy in Khartoum: Self-Enrichment by the National Islamic Front/National Congress Party

The vast majority of Sudan’s people feel only the crushing burden of kleptocracy and the consequences of Khartoum’s profligate military spending

The vast majority of Sudan’s people feel only the crushing burden of kleptocracy and the consequences of Khartoum’s profligate military spending

On December 2, 2015, the Enough Project published an Enough Forum piece, “Kleptocracy in Khartoum: Self-Enrichment by the National Islamic Front/National Congress Party,” written by Eric Reeves. This piece analyses the mechanisms that the National Islamic Front/National Congress Party (NIF/NCP) uses to maintain power and secure wealth, including manipulating the oil market, illicit land sales and expropriations, systemic bureaucratic corruption, financial mismanagement, and state-sponsored violence. Reeves defines the Sudanese government as a kleptocracy and notes “the use of the military and security services to protect the regime in continual self-enrichment.”

“For the past five years, the current regime in Khartoum has continued to engage in massive theft of Sudanese national wealth.  Such theft occurs against a backdrop of some of the world’s highest rates of malnutrition as well as a series of brutal and costly civil wars.  Agriculture is in decline as is the economy as a whole, largely because of the brutal kleptocracy that rules and plunders Sudan by force of arms from Khartoum.”

– Eric Reeves, report author and Senior Fellow at the Enough Project

The paper first details the economic and humanitarian implications of Sudan’s corrupt governance structure. Sudan’s dire economic circumstances are manifest through its bread, fuel, and water shortages, high inflation, and weak infrastructure. While most Sudanese economists and observers believe that military and security expenditures make up over half of the national budget, the International Monetary Fund has accepted Central Bureau of Statistics data despite significant omissions or contradictions. This lack of oversight, combined with the regime’s gross misallocation of resources, has led to Sudan’s $43 billion external debt. The dire and unsustainable economic situation has in turn led the NIF/NCP to redirect its allegiances from Iran toward Saudi Arabia and the Arab Gulf states to secure financial support. Reeves describes this shift as “duplicitous pragmatism.” State expenditures on military and security forces ultimately enable the regime’s power through the use of force. The regime’s reliance on superior military force and state-sponsored violence has led to a long and grave humanitarian crisis. For example, the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) finds that about 2 million children under 5 years of age suffer from chronic malnutrition and a 2013 Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies poll shows that 54% of Sudanese civilians wish to emigrate. Continue reading

السودان: إسكات المدافعات عن حقوق النساء

تقرير "الفتيات المحترمات لا يشاركن في الاحتجاجات"

تقرير “الفتيات المحترمات لا يشاركن في الاحتجاجات”

اعتداءات جنسية وتهديدات من قبل قوات الأمن

23 مارس 2016

نيروبي:- قالت “هيومن رايتس ووتش” في تقرير أصدرته اليوم إن قوات الأمن السودانية استخدمت العنف الجنسي والتهديد وأشكال أخرى من الانتهاكات لإسكات المدافعات عن الحقوق الإنسان في مختلف أنحاء البلاد. على الحكومة السودانية التحقيق في كل هذه الادعاءات، ومحاسبة مرتكبيها، وإجراء إصلاحات قانونية لحماية حقوق النساء. Continue reading

Sudan: Attacks in South Kordofan ‘constitute war crimes’

Don’t We Matter?: Four years of unrelenting attacks against civilians in Sudan’s South Kordofan State

Since armed conflict began in June 2011 between the Sudanese Government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army-North (SPLM/A-N), people living in SPLA-N controlled areas of Sudan’s South Kordofan state have endured an unrelenting campaign of aerial and ground attacks by the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF). At various points during the last four years, there have been military offensives by one or both parties to the conflict which have increased the dangers faced by civilians. In April 2014 the Sudanese government launched a military operation called “Decisive Summer” whose implementation involved an intensified campaign of aerial bombardment, and increased civilian casualties and destruction of civilian property. As the conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile States enters its fifth year, there is once again intensified military activity. There was a sharp increase in attacks by the SAF in April 2015, making it one of the months with the highest number of attacks since the start of the armed conflict. The conflict continues unabated at this time. Continue reading

REPORT – THE AFRICAN UNION PRE-ELECTION ASSESSMENT – Sudan 2015 Elections

After the following findings the AU still went ahead and monitored the FAKE Sudanese Elections…

Sudanese elections deeply flawed

The preconditions of the elections were already so flawed that the AU principles for free and fair elections had “not been satisfied”.

Widespread intimidation of critics, the barring of free discussions and the arrests carried out by the National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) against those who dared to speak out against the suppression of free speech, including opposition members, journalists and representatives of the civil society.

Other problems identified by the mission include the state of emergency which extends to about one-third of the country, “covering Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile”, making proper elections there nearly impossible with problems concerning voter registration and party campaigning.

REPORT – THE AFRICAN UNION PRE-ELECTION ASSESSMENT – Sudan 2015 Elections by Sudanews

Corporate report:- Sudan – Country of Concern

Published 12 March 2015

Contents

Elections

Freedom of Expression and Assembly

Access to Justice and the Rule of Law

Death Penalty

Torture

Conflict and Protection of Civilians

Freedom of Religion or Belief

Women’s Rights

Minority Rights

LGB&T Rights

Children’s Rights

Other Issues

Give your comments and questions about the report Continue reading

Sudan – Country of Concern: latest update, 30 September 2014

Foreign & Commonwealth Office, The Rt Hon William Hague MP and Senior Minister of State

Corporate report

Updated 16 October 2014

Latest Update: 30 September 2014

 The human rights situation in Sudan has remained of serious concern during the reporting period.

 Sudan was discussed at the 27th Session of the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) in Geneva. Minister for Human Rights, Baroness Anelay, highlighted the UK’s ongoing concerns about human rights abuses in Sudan in her closing statement. Continue reading

In Search of Confluence: Addressing Discrimination and Inequality in Sudan

© October 2014 Equal Rights Trust © Cover October 2014 Dafina Gueorguieva © Photos: Anwar Awad Ali Elsamani Design: Dafina Gueorguieva Layout: Istvan Fenyvesi

© October 2014 Equal Rights Trust
© Cover October 2014 Dafina Gueorguieva
© Photos: Anwar Awad Ali Elsamani
Design: Dafina Gueorguieva
Layout: Istvan Fenyvesi

Date: 1st Oct 2014

 In Search of Confluence: Addressing Discrimination and Inequality in Sudan is the fourth report in ERT’s country report series. It is the first ever comprehensive account of discrimination and inequalities on all grounds and in all areas of life in Sudan. It is based on extensive field research and makes a set of detailed recommendations for reforms to law, policy and practice in respect of equality and non-discrimination. Continue reading

We Stood and They Opened Fire

Sudanese men at the funeral of Salah Sanhouri, 26, who was killed during protests by security forces on September 27, 2013, pray over his body. Protests over subsidy cuts on fuel and food have been taking place across Sudan since September 2013. © AP Photo/Khalil Hamra

Sudanese men at the funeral of Salah Sanhouri, 26, who was killed during protests by security forces on September 27, 2013, pray over his body. Protests over subsidy cuts on fuel and food have been taking place across Sudan since September 2013.
© AP Photo/Khalil Hamra

Killings and Arrests by Sudan’s Security Forces during the September Protests

This 32-page report describes unlawful killings, arbitrary detentions, ill-treatment and torture of detainees, and other serious abuses committed by government security forces.

Human Rights Watch

We Stood and They Opened Fire by Sudanews

Janjaweed Reincarnate: Sudan’s New Army of War Criminals

Members of the Rapid Support Forces celebrate their victory for the cameras while perched atop a burned dwelling in Sudan’s South Kordofan state on May 20, 2014. STR/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

Members of the Rapid Support Forces celebrate their victory for the cameras while perched atop a burned dwelling in Sudan’s South Kordofan state on May 20, 2014. STR/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

Janjaweed Reincarnate: Sudan’s New Army of War Criminals

By Akshaya Kumar and Omer Ismail | Jun 26, 2014

One decade after Darfur’s Janjaweed militiamen earned global infamy as “devils on horseback,” Sudan is experiencing brutal violence at their hands once again. Newly armed and outfitted, re-branded as the “Rapid Support Force” (RSF) and flying the national flag, the government of President Omar al-Bashir has unleashed this new military entity, in a devastating campaign of mass atrocities. This report—the product of nine months of Enough Project and Satellite Sentinel Project research—traces the movements of the RSF across Sudan and exposes the civilian targeting that has become the hallmark of their activities. By connecting the Sudanese government’s own public statements with evidence from affected communities, the report lays out the case for the individual criminal responsibility of high-level Sudanese government officials for both the war crimes and crimes against humanity perpetrated by the RSF.

ENOUGH

Janjaweed Reincarnate: Sudan’s New Army of War Criminals by Sudanews

Entrenching Impunity

Entrenching Impunity

Government Responsibility for International Crimes in Darfur

December 9, 2005

 

This 85-page report documents the role of more than a dozen named civilian and military officials in the use and coordination of “Janjaweed” militias and the Sudanese armed forces to commit war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur since mid-2003.

 

Entrenching Impunity Report by Sudanews

They Bombed Everything That Moved

They Bombed Everything That Moved: Aerial Military Attacks on Civilians and Humanitarians in Sudan, 1999 – 2013

Sep 23, 2013

Editor’s Note: Dr. Eric Reeves is professor of English Language and Literature at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts. His new book-length study of greater Sudan (Compromising With Evil: An archival history of greater Sudan, 2007 – 2012) is available in eBook format, at no cost: www.CompromisingWithEvil.org. The views and opinions expressed in this post are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Enough Project. Continue reading

Satellites Show Evidence of Sudanese Bomber Arsenal with Targeted Striking Capabilities

Su-24 service area, Wadi Seidna Imagery Date: June 18,2013, August 8, 2013, and August 24, 2013 Location: Wadi Seidna, Sudan Report Date: August 27, 2013 Report Title: "Satellite Sentinel Project Situation Report: Sudan Adds Precision Bomber to Arsenal"

Su-24 service area, Wadi Seidna Imagery Date: June 18,2013, August 8, 2013, and August 24, 2013 Location: Wadi Seidna, Sudan Report Date: August 27, 2013 Report Title: "Satellite Sentinel Project Situation Report: Sudan Adds Precision Bomber to Arsenal"

Wadi Seidna military airbase Imagery Date: June 18, 2013 Location: Wadi Seidna, Sudan Report Date: August 27, 2013 Report Title: Satellite Sentinel Project Situation Report: Sudan Adds Precision Bomber to Arsenal

Wadi Seidna military base Imagery Date: June 24, 2013 Location: Wadi Seidna, Sudan Report Date: August 27, 2013 Report Title: "Satellite Sentinel Project Situation Report: Sudan Adds Precision Bomber to Arsenal"

Wadi Seidna, military airbase Imagery Date: March 18, 2013 Location: Wadi Seidna, Sudan Report Date: August 27, 2013 Report Title: "Satellite Sentinel Project Situation Report: Sudan Adds Precision Bomber to Arsenal"

Wadi Seidna airbase, Sudan Imagery Date: August 24, 2013 Location: Wadi Seidna, Sudan Report Date: August 27, 2013 Report Title: "Satellite Sentinel Project Situation Report: Sudan Adds Precision Bomber to Arsenal"

Wadi Seidna airbase, positioned bomber aircraft Imagery Date: June 18, 2013 Location: Wadi Seidna, Sudan Report Date: August 27, 2013 Report Title: Satellite Sentinel Project Situation Report: Sudan Adds Precision Bomber to Arsenal

Aerial view of Wadi Seidna, Sudan Imagery Date: June 18, 2013 Location: Wadi Seidna, Sudan Report Date: August 27, 2013 Report Title: Satellite Sentinel Project Situation Report: Sudan Adds Precision Bomber to Arsenal

Wadi Seidna airbase Imagery Date: March 18, 2013 Location: Wadi Seidna, Sudan Report Date: August 27, 2013 Report Title: Satellite Sentinel Project Situation Report: Sudan Adds Precision Bomber to Arsenal

Aerial view of Wadi Seidna airbase Imagery Date: May 17, 2013 Location: Wadi Seidna, Sudan Report Date: August 27, 2013 Report Title: Satellite Sentinel Project Situation Report: Sudan Adds Precision Bomber to Arsenal

Positioned bombers on Wadi Seidna airbase, Sudan Imagery Date: August 8, 2013 Location: Wadi Seidna, Sudan Report Date: August 27, 2013 Report Title: Satellite Sentinel Project Situation Report: Sudan Adds Precision Bomber to Arsenal

Air order-of-battle, Wadi Seidna airbase Imagery Date: March 18,2013 Location: Wadi Seidna, Sudan Report Date: August 27, 2013 Report Title: "Satellite Sentinel Project Situation Report: Sudan Adds Precision Bomber to Arsenal"

All the images are by  DigitalGlobe

August 27, 2013

WASHINGTON – The Satellite Sentinel Project, or SSP, has released new analysis of DigitalGlobe satellite imagery from March, June and August 2013 which documents evidence that the government of Sudan has acquired at least three precision bomber aircraft. The imagery confirms the aircraft’s movement within the operational area of Wadi Seidna, a Sudanese military air base, and indicates that technical checks and pilot proficiency training are probably underway. Continue reading

The Economics of Ethnic Cleansing in Darfur Peport

Darfur is burning again, with devastating results for its people. A kaleidoscope of Janjaweed forces are once again torching villages, terrorizing civilians, and systematically  clearing prime land and resource-rich areas of their inhabitants. The latest ethnic-cleansing campaign has already displaced more than 300,000 Darfuris this year and forced more than 75,000 to seek refuge in neighboring Chad, the largest population displacement in recent years.

Darfur is burning again, with devastating results for its people. A kaleidoscope of Janjaweed forces are once again torching villages, terrorizing civilians, and systematically clearing prime land and resource-rich areas of their inhabitants. The latest ethnic-cleansing campaign has already displaced more than 300,000 Darfuris this year and forced more than 75,000 to seek refuge in neighboring Chad, the largest population displacement in recent years.

Economic imperatives are now a major driving force for escalating violence in Darfur. Drawing on firsthand interviews with refugees on the Chadian border with Darfur, as well as many others inside Sudan, this report challenges the oversimplification of inter-tribal disputes and highlights the Sudanese government’s role and ongoing interest in the latest rounds of violence.

By John Prendergast, Omer Ismail, Akshaya Kumar | Aug 8, 2013

Darfur is burning again, with devastating results for its people. A kaleidoscope of Janjaweed forces are once again torching villages, terrorizing civilians, and systematically clearing prime land and resource-rich areas of their inhabitants. The latest ethnic-cleansing campaign has already displaced more than 300,000 Darfuris this year and forced more than 75,000 to seek refuge in neighboring Chad, the largest population displacement in recent years. Continue reading

Satellite Imagery Confirms Indiscriminate Bombing of Civilians in Strategic Garrison Towns, Sudan

A new report from the Satellite Sentinel Project and the Enough Project reveals that civilians in South Kordofan, Sudan continue to bear the brunt of the recent escalation in hostilities between the rebel Sudan Revolutionary Front, or SRF, in this case comprised of forces from the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement-North, or SPLM-N and the Darfurian Justice and Equality Movement, or JEM, and the government Sudan Armed Forces, or SAF. Recent fighting over control of the strategically located Nuba Mountains towns of Abu Kershola and Ad Dandour began in mid-April, when the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-North, or SPLA-N, rebel group overran SAF garrisons at Ad Dandour.

Enough Civilians Caught in the Crossfire by Sudanews

The report, “Civilians Caught in the Crossfire: The Bombing of Abu Kershola and Ad Dandour,” DigitalGlobe satellite imagery confirms the destruction of a marketplace and civilian residential areas in Abu Kershola, a strategic garrison town in South Kordofan, Continue reading